Waqf is a form of property transaction that can benefit not only the person who perform waqf(pewakaf) itself, but also the recipient, the whole Muslim community and the government itself. In this connection, the pewakaf receives the reward of 'jariah alms', the recipients and the community can enjoy the benefits of the waqf property as well as alleviate the burden of government finances in providing assistance and convenience for the community.
The law of waqf is circumcision according to Jumhur Fuqaha '. Waqf are a very higly demanded and it is one of the blessings of jariah, which is a great reward from Allah SWT. Waqf is the claim of the Quran, the Sunnah and the practice of the Companions. Philosophy of waqf:
Cash Waqf Law is ALLOWED (must). (The National Council Fatwa Committee For Islamic Religious Affairs Malaysia for the 77th which which convened on 10-12 April 2007 at Primula Beach Resort, Kuala Terengganu - Cash waqf is allowed in Islam).
To enhance the socio-economic status of the ummah in general and to strengthen the ukhwah by waqf practice and mutual help of fellow Muslims.
Waqf is the practice of giving up property that can use it's benefits to be shared together with the purpose of bringing closer to Allah SWT where the waqf property must be permanent, waqf property can not be sold, inherited, taken back and cannot be reserved because it has belong to Allah SWT forever. The rewards for those who perform waqf of the reward will flow and long lasting as long as the waqf property can still be benefited. The fuqaha 'argue that waqf is the only form of charity that is jariah (permanent) because the concept of waqf is permanent in nature. Sadaqah is the practice of giving any form of property to the poor, the needy, the orphan or the person who desires sincerely because of Allah S.W.T and given the reward from Allah S.W.T. Sadaqah can be done in any form of goods such as food, clothing, money and promanent property. "And what is said to do good is the one who gives their property to the poor, orphans, the poor, ibn sabil and those who do wish”. (Surah Al-Baqarah (2) : 177)
The law of paying Zakat is mandatory while the law of practice of Waqf is allowed (must) in the Islamic law. Zakat is a duty of issuing certain property to be given to the specified asnaf at a certain rate which is one of the pillars(rukun) found in the Pillars of Islam. The benefits of paying zakat are to purify themselves from the nature of stingy and greedy by spending their wealth on the path of God S.W.T. The practice of Zakat also can nourish the property of the payer besides ensuring that the property is clean from the rights of others. The statement/principal to pay zakat is as follows: "And establish the prayer and zakat and obey the messenger(Rasul) so that you may obtain mercy." (Surah An-Nur (24): 56).
When someone wants to waqf their property to the path of Allah S.W.T, they just need to provide some of the following things:
Waqf funds will be collected in a special tube and will be channeled for educational, health, social services, facilities and investment purposes.
Allowed to be invested either through direct investment, or joint partnership between various people who perform waqf (pewakaf) in one portfolio, or through the issuance of waqf shares, as an encouragement for waqf activities and the realization of the joint partnership. Investments must be in the authorized sector that allowed by Syarak, as well as in accordance with the nature and type of waqf assets, in order to achieve the waqf benefits(maslahat), to safeguard the value of the original waqf assets, as well as benefits for waqf's beneficiaries. (Akademi Fiqh Islam OIC (Majma’ Al-Fiqh Al-Islami) pada persidangannya yang ke-5 di Muscat, Oman, pada 6-11 Mac 2004)
The Ulama' as-Syafie, waqf is "allowed"(harus) to non-Muslims or zimmi, for which it is not intended to commit immorality. This is because it is permissible for these groups, so they are obliged to pay waqf to them. If it is probable that a waqf will commit immoral property, then the waqf will not be valid because the immorality will eliminate the purpose of waqf.
People who are eligible to receive the benefits of waqf are Muslims, independent and zimmi *. Waqf administrators should be those who are able to make the wafq's as a way of taqarrub (closer) to Allah S.W.T and for the sake of Islam only.
The requirements for those who want to perform waqf are:-
Pillars of Waqf divided into four sections:-
Cannot, because it's not a perfect property (not your own property).
Allowed. The Ulama' of 'as-Syafie argue: Waqf from a non-Muslim is valid even for the mosque although it is not intent to taqarrub *. They will be rewarded for their charity in the world, but in the hereafter no reward given. Sabda Rasulullah s.a.w: “Allah tidak akan mengabaikan kebaikan seorang mukmin, dia akan diberi ganjaran di dunia dan di akhirat. Orang bukan Islam pula akan menerima ganjaran kebaikan yang mereka lakukan kerana Allah semasa di dunia sahaja. Adapun di akhirat kelak, tiada apa-apa habuan dan ganjaran kebaikan untuknya”. (Riwayat Muslim)
Zakat which has not been fulfilled in the last year is compulsory and need to be replaced (qada’) after realizing it.
The scholarship money is not required to pay zakat because it involves daily spending on learning matters. Furthermore, it always decreases from time to time and is not enough for a year that has been set by the Islamic law (Syarak) to qualify it for issuing zakat.
No, all the assistance given is not in the form of loans and no need to pay back.
Yes, it can and the law is valid, but our live now is not like the old days where the Islamic faith (Iman) is very strong when enough nisab and haul they directly seek out the asnaf.. The government has also instructed to collect zakat from the rich and to be given to those who need the general benefits and restructure the way of zakat.
The money saved in Tabung Haji had paid its zakat by the Lembaga Tabung Haji on behalf of depositors. This is the result of the Persidangan Jawatankuasa Fatwa Majlis Kebangsaan Bagi Hal Ehwal Ugama Islam Malaysia for the 17th which convened on May 3, 1979 to discuss Zakat Payment by Tabung Haji.
The distribution of zakat should be carried out in accordance with the priorities of the asnaf poor, poor, amil and muallaf. On the basis of this principle, if the provisions for these four asnaf are insufficient, then the transfer of the provisions of the other asnaf shall be made by prioritizing these four asnaf. The distribution of zakat should be based on the priority and needs of the asnaf.
Yes. Its law is a must if the origin of its purpose is to preach and draw them to Islam. This shows Islam is practical and accurate to be implemented.
The basic needs that are taken into account in the determination of al-Kifayah limit are:
There are two guidelines to calculate zakat income either:
It is not obligatory to zakat because it does not fulfill the obligatory obligations of zakat.
It is not obligatory to pay zakat as the syubhah money is closer to illegal and dubious sources.
The determination of the permitted limit of kifayah has taken into account the basic needs of food, clothing, education, health, transportation and equipment / employment support.
Only the surplus of the balance of the rent will be included in the count of other income. For example:
If you and wife together bear the child, the best way for deduction of haddul kifayah is by equally divided the estimates of that haddul kifayah.
Zakat income is seen from the salary, income from free work, rental revenue and grants earned during the current year. The Mufassirin such as Imam As-Suyuti argues, the word " مَا كَسَبْتُمْ" is a mubhamah and give the general meaning covering any kind of work and effort undertaken by a person. Therefore, all property acquired from any kind of effort and occupation is accounted for the property that is obligatory to pay zakat. As for zakat money, it is the source of money that has been in the previous year. Zakat savings is charged on the end of the haul which hits the current nisab, while zakat income is charged to the amount left after being deducted for the limit of kifayah and if the balance exceeds or equal its nisab.
Yes, zakat must be paid in installments until finished and it is considered as a debt that needs to be expedited.
Charity(sadaqah) is the practice of giving any kind of property to the poor, needy, orphans or those who wish sincerely for Allah S.W.T and get reward from Allah S.W.T Sadaqah can be done in any form of gift such as food, clothing, goods, money and permanent property.
We are allowed to donate(sadaqah) to family members themselves whether brothers or sisters, mother or father.
It is allowed and should be for us to grant alm(sadaqah) in the form of money to pay our friends' meal.. It is also considered alms and we will receive two rewards (reward of charity and friendship).
Yes. If orphanage belongs to the category of poor and needy.
There is no need for replace fasting for a sick mother or father, but can pay fidya for the fasting they has left.
If not able to continue, pay fidyah immediately after Ramadan passes. If it is unable at that time only, then after that he was able to do so, shall be making up fast and if beyond the year must perform qada' and pay the fidyah.
After completing the fasting of the deceased, this means the heir is no longer required to pay fidyah fasting again for him.
Will is a wish or desire expressed orally or written by someone about his property to be dealt with after his death. But verbal wills are exposed to defamation due to unclear and disputable instructions among heirs.
Grants are awards, gifts or rewards involving an agreement that contains the granting of property rights by the property giver to one person willingly during his life on the basis of compassion and humanity without renewal or exchange.
Faraid in terms of language means determination. According to the terms of the division of the estate after the death of a Muslim who has been established under Islamic law on legitimate or qualified heirs (such as children, husbands, wives, mothers, fathers and others). Property that is divided into heirs is the balance of the property left after deducting any mortgage financing, the heirs' debt whether religious in nature (such as zakat, votive and others) or debt to human beings and to fulfill the authorized will of syarak. There are three groups of heirs who qualify them to receive inheritance, first, through their offspring, marriages and even '(kinship relationships). Heirs' wife also who are eligible to receive an inheritance in the marriage relationship.
Yes, it is very important because:
Property is divided into two types, namely immovable property and movable property.
Those who have no good relationship between them and they have no sons. This is because the son is generally hijab to the siblings of the deceased.
There are 3 types:
Basic grant :
I explained the easy way first. Faraid's heirs consist of our spouses, children and fathers.
Faraid's heirs consist of 3 main categories:
Because many problems arise from human hearts who want the property to exceed the obligations Allah has given. Among other reasons are:
Updated:: 04/10/2018 [nuruliman]
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